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This article is from Chinese Journal of Cancer , volume 30 . Abstract To explore breast cancer etiology, literature was searched using Medline. We explored the (1) plausibility of smoking in breast Carcinogenesis; (2) physiological properties, susceptibility windows, and exposure timing of breast cells; (3) role of exogenous hormones in breast Carcinogenesis; (4) biological mechanism of synergistic interactions between smoking and exogenous hormones in breast Carcinogenesis; and (5) evidence...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4013418
PubMed Central
by Roncero, Carlos; Vega, Pablo; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Barral, Carmen; Basurte-Villamor, Ignacio; Rodriguez-Cintas, Laia; Mesias, Beatriz; Grau-Lopez, Lara; Casas, Miguel; Szerman, Nestor
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This article is from International Journal of Mental Health Systems , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Since provision of integrated services for patients with dual pathology or dual disorders (coexistence of an addictive disorder and other psychiatric disorders) constitutes an important challenge, this study compared the perceptions of health-care professionals with the existing, current state of specific resources for patients with dual pathology in Spain. Methods: Epidemiological,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4158069
PubMed Central
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This article is from ZooKeys . Abstract AbstractThe Chinese species of Metriocnemus van der Wulp s. str., 1874 is reviewed. M. (M.) calcaneumsp. n. is described and illustrated as adult male. M. (M.) albolineatus (Meigen) is recorded from China for the first time. M. (M.) beringensis (Cranston & Oliver), M. (M.) bilobatus Makarchenko & Makarchenko, M. (M.) caudigus Sæther, M. (M.) intergerivus Sæther, M. (M.) tamaokui Sasa and M. (M.) tristellus Edwards are recorded from the Oriental...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3970060
PubMed Central
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This article is from Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , volume 7 . Abstract Background: Animals have been used as medicinal resources throughout human history. Majority of wildlife used in traditional medicines is taken from the wild; hence demand by traditional medicine is a cause of over-exploitation of wild animals. Indiscriminate use of endangered species portends grievous implications for biodiversity conservation. This study investigated the dynamics of the use of pangolin in...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3179697
PubMed Central
by Foote, Christopher
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This article is from BMC Research Notes , volume 7 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Research Notes would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 6 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3895785
PubMed Central
by Pafitis, Natalie
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 13 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Public Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in 2012.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3751667
PubMed Central
by Soundappan, Saravanapriyan; Sundaramurthy, Jothi Latha; Raghu, Sandhya; Natanasabapathy, Velmurugan
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This article is from Journal of Dentistry (Tehran, Iran) , volume 11 . Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the marginal adaptation of Biodentine in comparison with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Intermediate Restorative Material (IRM), as a root end filling material, using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods:: Thirty permanent maxillary central incisors were chemo-mechanically prepared and obturated. Three millimetres of the root end were...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4043545
PubMed Central
by Solera, Dafne
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This article is from BMC Cancer , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Cancer would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3909450
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Plant Biology , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Plant Biology would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3897928
PubMed Central
by Kangulu, Ignace Bwana; Umba, Elie Kilolo Ngoy; Nzaji, Michel Kabamba; Kayamba, Prosper Kalenga Mwenze
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This article is from The Pan African Medical Journal , volume 17 . Abstract Introduction: Le faible poids de naissance constitue un problème majeur de santé publique, aussi bien dans les pays développés que dans les pays en développement, de par son ampleur et sa forte association avec la morbidité et la mortalité infantiles. Méthodes: Il s’agit d’une étude cas-témoins rétrospective menée sur les différents facteurs de risque de faible poids de naissance(FPN) en milieu...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4163183
PubMed Central
by Nagaraj, Anil Kumar Mysore
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This article is from Indian Journal of Psychiatry , volume 55 . Abstract Sex is a mysterious phenomenon, which has puzzled even great sages. Human beings have researched and mastered the biology of sex. But that is not all. Sex needs to be understood from the spiritual perspective too. The vision of Osho is an enlightening experience in this regard. Out of the thousands of lectures, five lectures on sex made Osho most notorious. Born into a Jain family of Madhya Pradesh, Rajneesh, who later...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3705694
PubMed Central
by Rice, Catherine M
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This article is from BMC Genomics , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Genomics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 13 (2012).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3642022
PubMed Central
by Harris, Philippa K
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This article is from BMC Microbiology , volume 13 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Microbiology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3576289
PubMed Central
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This article is from Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine , volume 3 . Abstract Objective: An ethnobotanical survey on the medicinal plant species marketed in Mashhad city, northeastern Iran, was conducted in order to document traditional medicinal knowledge and application of medicinal plants. Materials and Methods: This study was undertaken between 2011 and 2012. The indigenous knowledge of traditional healers used for medicinal purposes were collected through questionnaire and personal...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4075713
PubMed Central
by Fornuskova, Alena; Vinkler, Michal; Pages, Marie; Galan, Maxime; Jousselin, Emmanuelle; Cerqueira, Frederique; Morand, Serge; Charbonnel, Nathalie; Bryja, Josef; Cosson, Jean-Francois
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This article is from BMC Evolutionary Biology , volume 13 . Abstract Background: In vertebrates, it has been repeatedly demonstrated that genes encoding proteins involved in pathogen-recognition by adaptive immunity (e.g. MHC) are subject to intensive diversifying selection. On the other hand, the role and the type of selection processes shaping the evolution of innate-immunity genes are currently far less clear. In this study we analysed the natural variation and the evolutionary processes...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3848458
This article is from Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn , volume 5 . Abstract The tremendous development of knowledge, the accumulation of clinical experience, and the enriching of everyday practice with the results of basic and clinical research created the need for splitting medicine in specialities and sub-specialities. Although this evolution is inevitable in order to meet the complex needs and demands of patients, we have to be aware of the risk of neglecting the holistic approach of a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3987375
PubMed Central
by d'Avigdor, Elizabeth; Wohlmuth, Hans; Asfaw, Zemede; Awas, Tesfaye
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This article is from Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , volume 10 . Abstract Background: A majority of Ethiopians rely on traditional medicine as their primary form of health care, yet they are in danger of losing both their knowledge and the plants they have used as medicines for millennia. This study, conducted in the rural town of Fiche in Ethiopia, was undertaken with the support of Southern Cross University (SCU) Australia, Addis Ababa University (AAU) Ethiopia, and the Ethiopian...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4068905
PubMed Central
by Sekhon Randhawa, Kamaljeet K.; Rahman, Pattanathu K. S. M.
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This article is from Frontiers in Microbiology , volume 5 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151382
PubMed Central
by Eghbal, Mohammad Jafar; Fazlyab, Mahta; Asgary, Saeed
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This article is from Iranian Endodontic Journal , volume 9 . Abstract The present report reviews the diagnostic and treatment challenges of a mandibular molar with previous root canal treatment and signs of a procedural mishap, i.e. furcal radiolucency and localized swelling of the gingival margin in which a sinus tract was present. By tracing the sinus tract, it became evident that the lesion originated from the furcation area, not the root apices. This case was treated by cleaning/filling the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4099957
PubMed Central
by Lauzier, Francois; Muscedere, John; Deland, Eric; Kutsogiannis, Demetrios Jim; Jacka, Michael; Heels-Ansdell, Diane; Crowther, Mark; Cartin-Ceba, Rodrigo; Cox, Michael J; Zytaruk, Nicole; Foster, Denise; Sinuff, Tasnim; Clarke, France; Thompson, Patrica; Hanna, Steven; Cook, Deborah
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This article is from Critical Care , volume 18 . Abstract Introduction: Heparin is safe and prevents venous thromboembolism in critical illness. We aimed to determine the guideline concordance for thromboprophylaxis in critically ill patients and its predictors, and to analyze factors associated with the use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), as it may be associated with a lower risk of pulmonary embolism and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia without increasing the bleeding risk. Methods:...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4057024
PubMed Central
by Morawska, Magdalena
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This article is from BMC Oral Health , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Oral Health would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3921989
PubMed Central
by Morawska, Magdalena
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This article is from BMC Gastroenterology , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Gastroenterology would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898228
PubMed Central
by Kulshreshtha, Shweta; Mathur, Nupur; Bhatnagar, Pradeep
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This article is from AMB Express , volume 4 . Abstract Mushroom has been used for consumption as product for a long time due to their flavor and richness in protein. Mushrooms are also known as mycoremediation tool because of their use in remediation of different types of pollutants. Mycoremediation relies on the efficient enzymes, produced by mushroom, for the degradation of various types of substrate and pollutants. Besides waste degradation, mushroom produced a vendible product for...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4052754
PubMed Central
by Moshirfar, Majid; Pierson, Kasey; Hanamaikai, Kamalani; Santiago-Caban, Luis; Muthappan, Valliammai; Passi, Samuel F
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This article is from Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) , volume 8 . Abstract Numerous brands and types of artificial tears are available on the market for the treatment of dysfunctional tear syndrome. Past literature has focused on comparing the components of these products on patient’s clinical improvement. The wide array of products on the market presents challenges to both clinicians and patients when trying to choose between available tear replacement therapies. Different...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4124072
PubMed Central
by Paillet-Loilier, Magalie; Cesbron, Alexandre; Le Boisselier, Reynald; Bourgine, Joanna; Debruyne, Daniele
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This article is from Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation , volume 5 . Abstract Substituted cathinones are synthetic analogs of cathinone that can be considered as derivatives of phenethylamines with a beta-keto group on the side chain. They appeared in the recreational drug market in the mid-2000s and now represent a large class of new popular drugs of abuse. Initially considered as legal highs, their legal status is variable by country and is rapidly changing, with government institutions...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4043811
PubMed Central
by Go, Gyeongo; Hwang, Soo-Hyun; Park, In Sung; Park, Hyun
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This article is from Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society , volume 54 . Abstract Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS) is rare cause of vertebrobasilar insufficiency that arises from mechanical compression of the vertebral artery by head rotation. There is no standardized diagnostic regimen or treatment of BHS. Recently, we experienced 2 cases resisted continues medication and treated by surgical approach. In both cases, there were no complications after surgery and there were improvements in clinical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3836934
PubMed Central
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This article is from Sociology Compass , volume 8 . Abstract Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and traditional medicine (TM) are important social phenomena. This article reviews the sociological literature on the topic. First, it addresses the question of terminology, arguing that the naming process is a glimpse into the complexities of power and history that characterize the field. Second, focusing on the last 15 years of scholarship, it considers how sociological research on users...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4146620
PubMed Central
by Potthoff, Karin; Schmidt, Martina E; Wiskemann, Joachim; Hof, Holger; Klassen, Oliver; Habermann, Nina; Beckhove, Philipp; Debus, Juergen; Ulrich, Cornelia M; Steindorf, Karen
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This article is from BMC Cancer , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and distressing side effects of cancer and its treatment. During and after radiotherapy breast cancer patients often suffer from CRF which frequently impairs quality of life (QoL). Despite the high prevalence of CRF in breast cancer patients and the severe impact on the physical and emotional well-being, effective treatment methods are scarce.Physical activity for breast...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3617011
PubMed Central
by Giannella-Neto, Daniel; de Brito Gomes, Marilia; Abel, Lucy
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This article is from Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome , volume 5 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The Editors of Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome would like to thank all reviewers, both external and Editorial Board Members, who have contributed to the journal since its inception, and whose valuable support continues to be essential to the success of the journal.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3605392
PubMed Central
by Morawska, Magdalena
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This article is from BMC Family Practice , volume 15 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Family Practice would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 14 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4121002
PubMed Central
by Koh, Young Rae; Kim, Shine Young; Kim, In Suk; Chang, Chulhun L.; Lee, Eun Yup; Son, Han Chul; Kim, Hyung Hoi
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This article is from Annals of Laboratory Medicine , volume 34 . Abstract We performed customer satisfaction surveys for physicians and nurses regarding clinical laboratory services, and for outpatients who used phlebotomy services at a tertiary care unit level to evaluate our clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services. Thus, we wish to share our experiences with the customer satisfaction survey for clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services. Board members of our laboratory designed a study...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151008
PubMed Central
by Lallement, Pierre-Alexandre; Brouwer, Bastiaan; Keech, Olivier; Hecker, Arnaud; Rouhier, Nicolas
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This article is from Frontiers in Pharmacology , volume 5 . Abstract Glutathione transferases (GSTs) represent a widespread multigenic enzyme family able to modify a broad range of molecules. These notably include secondary metabolites and exogenous substrates often referred to as xenobiotics, usually for their detoxification, subsequent transport or export. To achieve this, these enzymes can bind non-substrate ligands (ligandin function) and/or catalyze the conjugation of glutathione onto the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4138524
PubMed Central
by Casadevall, Arturo
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This article is from mBio , volume 5 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128361
PubMed Central
by Taketomi, Shuji; Inui, Hiroshi; Sanada, Takaki; Nakamura, Kensuke; Yamagami, Ryota; Masuda, Hironari; Tanaka, Sakae; Nakagawa, Takumi
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This article is from Knee Surgery & Related Research , volume 26 . Abstract Introduction: Recently, remnant-preserving anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been increasingly performed to achieve revascularization, cell proliferation, and recovery of high-quality proprioception. However, poor arthroscopic visualization makes accurate socket placement during remnant-preserving ACL reconstruction difficult. This study describes a surgical technique used to create an anatomical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4163575
PubMed Central
by Shokoohizadeh, Leili; Mobarez, Ashraf Mohabati; Zali, Mohammad Reza; Ranjbar, Reza; Alebouyeh, Masoud; Sakinc, Turkan; Ali, Liaqat
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This article is from Diagnostic Pathology , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Enterococcus faecium is a multi-resistant nosocomial pathogen causing infection in debilitated patients. Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus faecium (VREfm) are a major concern and increased dramatically worldwide especially in hospitals environment. The current study focused on determining the high prevalence and distribution patterns of antibiotic resistance and also its genetic linkages among various VREfm strains...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3853350
PubMed Central
by Al-Moghairi, Abdulrahman M; Al-Amri, Hussein S
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This article is from Current Cardiology Reviews , volume 9 . Abstract Percutaneous coronary angioplasty is increasingly employed in the treatment of patients with complex coronary artery disease. Different steerable guide wires used to open occluded vessel and facilitate balloon and stent deployment. However, the guide-wire itself is not without hazard: it may perforate or dissect the vessel, but fracture or entrapment is uncommon. Its management depends on the clinical situation of the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3780351
PubMed Central
by Houshyani, Benyamin; van der Krol, Alexander R; Bino, Raoul J; Bouwmeester, Harro J
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This article is from BMC Plant Biology , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Molecular characterization is an essential step of risk/safety assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops. Holistic approaches for molecular characterization using omics platforms can be used to confirm the intended impact of the genetic engineering, but can also reveal the unintended changes at the omics level as a first assessment of potential risks. The potential of omics platforms for risk assessment of GM crops...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091741
PubMed Central
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This article is from Journal of Dentistry , volume 14 . Abstract Statement of Problem: Metal-ceramic crowns are most commonly used as the complete coverage restorations in clinical daily use. Disadvantages of conventional hand-made wax-patterns introduce some alternative ways by means of CAD/CAM technologies.Purpose: This study compares the marginal and internal fit of copings cast from CAD/CAM and conventional fabricated wax-patterns.Materials and Method: Twenty-four standardized brass dies...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3927676
PubMed Central
by Lossius, Hans Morten; S?reide, Kjetil; Bache, Kristi G
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This article is from Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , volume 22 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine—which received its first Impact Factor in 2013—is extremely grateful for the time, hard work and support of its highly-qualified peer reviewers. The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, the Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation and BioMed...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3973829
PubMed Central
by Hommel, Marcel
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This article is from Malaria Journal , volume 13 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: Malaria Journal would like to thank all reviewers who have contributed to the journal in 2013.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3917501
PubMed Central
by Barros, Marcelo P; Ganini, Douglas; Lorenco-Lima, Leandro; Soares, Chrislaine O; Pereira, Benedito; Bechara, Etelvino JH; Silveira, Leonardo R; Curi, Rui; Souza-Junior, Tacito P
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This article is from Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition , volume 9 . Abstract Background: Dietary creatine has been largely used as an ergogenic aid to improve strength and athletic performance, especially in short-term and high energy-demanding anaerobic exercise. Recent findings have also suggested a possible antioxidant role for creatine in muscle tissues during exercise. Here we evaluate the effects of a 1-week regimen of 20 g/day creatine supplementation on the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3439332
PubMed Central
by Hodac, Ladislav; Scheben, Armin Patrick; Hojsgaard, Diego; Paun, Ovidiu; Horandl, Elvira
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract The reconstruction of reticulate evolutionary histories in plants is still a major methodological challenge. Sequences of the ITS nrDNA are a popular marker to analyze hybrid relationships, but variation of this multicopy spacer region is affected by concerted evolution, high intraindividual polymorphism, and shifts in mode of reproduction. The relevance of changes in secondary structure is still under dispute. We aim to shed light on the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4111349
PubMed Central
by Lehrer, Paul M.; Gevirtz, Richard
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract In recent years there has been substantial support for heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) as a treatment for a variety of disorders and for performance enhancement (Gevirtz, 2013). Since conditions as widely varied as asthma and depression seem to respond to this form of cardiorespiratory feedback training, the issue of possible mechanisms becomes more salient. The most supported possible mechanism is the strengthening of...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4104929
This article is from Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , volume 10 . Abstract Background: Ethiopia is one of the six centres of biodiversity in the world with several topographies, climatic conditions and various ethnic cultures. Ethnobotanical study is a real and encourageable in rich biological resource areas for medicinal plant identification, documentation, ranking, conservation and sustainable usages. The purpose of this study was to identify the most effective medicinal plants for...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4060869
This article is from Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives , volume 5 . Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the lifestyles of non-obese female college students with high body fat (HBF). Methods: The interview data were collected from 18 female students [body mass index (BMI)
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4064648
PubMed Central
by Zhang, J.; Liu, H. J.; Cheng, L.; Wei, J.; Liang, J. H.; Fan, D. D.; Shi, J.; Tang, X. F.; Zhang, Q. J.
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This article is from Scientific Reports , volume 4 . Abstract In this work, the electronic properties of phosphorene nanoribbons with different width and edge configurations are studied by using density functional theory. It is found that the armchair phosphorene nanoribbons are semiconducting while the zigzag nanoribbons are metallic. The band gaps of armchair nanoribbons decrease monotonically with increasing ribbon width. By passivating the edge phosphorus atoms with hydrogen, the zigzag...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171703
PubMed Central
by Gryganskyi, A.P.; Humber, R.A.; Smith, M.E.; Hodge, K.; Huang, B.; Voigt, K.; Vilgalys, R.
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This article is from Persoonia : Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi , volume 30 . Abstract Entomophthoromycota is one of six major phylogenetic lineages among the former phylum Zygomycota. These early terrestrial fungi share evolutionarily ancestral characters such as coenocytic mycelium and gametangiogamy as a sexual process resulting in zygospore formation. Previous molecular studies have shown the monophyly of Entomophthoromycota, thus justifying raising the taxonomic status of these...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3734969
PubMed Central
by Majithia, Deesha A
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This article is from BMC Neuroscience , volume 14 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Neuroscience would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2012).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3626905
PubMed Central
by Majithia, Deesha A
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This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 13 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Psychiatry would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3632490
This article is from Nanoscale Research Letters , volume 8 . Abstract Zr/N co-doped TiO2 nanostructures were successfully synthesized using nanotubular titanic acid (NTA) as precursors by a facile wet chemical route and subsequent calcination. These Zr/N-doped TiO2 nanostructures made by NTA precursors show significantly enhanced visible light absorption and much higher photocatalytic performance than the Zr/N-doped P25 TiO2 nanoparticles. Impacts of Zr/N co-doping on the morphologies, optical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3878230
PubMed Central
by Wu, Pei-Ying; Chen, Mao-Yuan; Hsieh, Szu-Min; Sun, Hsin-Yun; Tsai, Mao-Song; Lee, Kuan-Yeh; Liu, Wen-Chun; Yang, Shan-Ping; Luo, Yu-Zhen; Zhang, Jun-Yu; Sheng, Wang-Huei; Hung, Chien-Ching
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract Background: With the widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), life expectancy of HIV-infected patients has significantly prolonged. An increasing number of HIV-infected patients are aging and concurrent use of medications are not uncommon for management of metabolic complications and cardiovascular diseases related to aging and prolonged exposure to cART. Methods: We reviewed medical records of all HIV-infected patients...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4132082
PubMed Central
by Halstead, James M.; Lin, Yong Qi; Durraine, Lita; Hamilton, Russell S.; Ball, Graeme; Neely, Greg G.; Bellen, Hugo J.; Davis, Ilan
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This article is from Biology Open , volume 3 . Abstract Synaptic plasticity involves the modulation of synaptic connections in response to neuronal activity via multiple pathways. One mechanism modulates synaptic transmission by retrograde signals from the post-synapse that influence the probability of vesicle release in the pre-synapse. Despite its importance, very few factors required for the expression of retrograde signals, and proper synaptic transmission, have been identified. Here, we...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4163661
PubMed Central
by Borg, U; Iyer, D; Huang, Q; Li, Y; Baker, C
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This article is from Critical Care , volume 18 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4068309
PubMed Central
by Cho, Joo Hyun; Song, Eun Song; Kim, Hee Na; Oh, Burm Seok; Choi, Young Youn
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This article is from Korean Journal of Pediatrics , volume 57 . Abstract The deletion of the distal long arm of chromosome 1 is associated with a characteristic facial appearance and a pattern of associated malformations. Characteristic manifestations include a round face with prominent 'cupid's bow' and downturned corners of the mouth, thin vermilion borders of lips, a long upper lip with a smooth philtrum, a short and broad nose, epicanthal folds, apparently low-set ears, micrognathia,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4115071
PubMed Central
by Tofthagen, Cindy
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This article is from Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology , volume 3 . Abstract None
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4093311
PubMed Central
by Rodriguez, Alejandro; Povoa, Pedro; Nseir, Saad; Salluh, Jorge; Curcio, Daniel; Martin-Loeches, Ignacio
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This article is from Critical Care , volume 18 . Abstract Introduction: Several aspects of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT)—including diagnostic criteria, overlap with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and appropriate treatment regimens—remain poorly defined. The objectives of this study were to survey reported practices in the clinical and microbiological diagnosis of VAT and to evaluate perceptions of the impact of VAT on patient outcomes. Methods: We developed a...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4057509
PubMed Central
by Mierla, Dana; Jardan, Dumitru; Stoian, Veronica
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This article is from International Journal of Fertility & Sterility , volume 8 . Abstract Background: Chromosomal abnormalities and Y chromosome microdeletions are regarded as two most frequent genetic causes associated with failure of spermatogenesis in the Caucasian population. Materials and Methods: To investigate the distribution of genetic defects in the Romanian population with azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia, karyotype analysis by G-banding was carried out in 850 idiopathic...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3973165
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Medical Education , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Little is known about the ways in which nursing and medical students perceive and understand their roles in interprofessional teamwork. A 2010 report by the World Health Organization highlights the importance of students’ understanding of teamwork in healthcare, and their ability to be effective team players. This study aims at describing nursing and medical students’ perceptions of interprofessional teamwork,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4139134
PubMed Central
by Tang, Xu-gang; Zhang, Ji-hang; Qin, Jun; Gao, Xu-bin; Li, Qian-ning; Yu, Jie; Ding, Xiao-han; Huang, Lan
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This article is from Clinical Interventions in Aging , volume 9 . Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between age and acute mountain sickness (AMS) when subjects are exposed suddenly to high altitude. Methods: A total of 856 young adult men were recruited. Before and after acute altitude exposure, the Athens Insomnia Scale score (AISS) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality of subjects. AMS was assessed using the Lake Louise scoring system....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128797
PubMed Central
by Pereira, Andre LA; Carazzolle, Marcelo F; Abe, Valeria Y; de Oliveira, Maria LP; Domingues, Mariane N; Silva, Jaqueline C; Cernadas, Raul A; Benedetti, Celso E
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This article is from BMC Genomics , volume 15 . Abstract Background: Transcriptional activator-like (TAL) effectors, formerly known as the AvrBs3/PthA protein family, are DNA-binding effectors broadly found in Xanthomonas spp. that transactivate host genes upon injection via the bacterial type three-secretion system. Biologically relevant targets of TAL effectors, i.e. host genes whose induction is vital to establish a compatible interaction, have been reported for xanthomonads that colonize...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4028880
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Gastroenterology , volume 13 . Abstract Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with eating disorders. The aim of this study was to determine, using factor analysis, whether these GI symptom factors (clusters) in eating disorder patients hold true to the Rome II classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). Methods: Inpatients in a specialised eating disorder unit completed the Rome II questionnaire. Data from 185 patients...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3606125
This article is from GMS Zeitschrift für Medizinische Ausbildung , volume 31 . Abstract The practice of assessing student performance in human, dental and veterinary medicine at universities in German-speaking countries has undergone significant changes in the past decade. Turning the focus to practical requirements regarding medical practice during undergraduate study away from an often theory-dominated curriculum, the academic scrutiny of the basics of teaching medical knowledge and skills,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4152998
PubMed Central
by Pitschmann, Vladimir
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This article is from Toxins , volume 6 . Abstract This article describes a brief history of chemical warfare, which culminated in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention. It describes the current level of chemical weapons and the risk of using them. Furthermore, some traditional technology for the development of chemical weapons, such as increasing toxicity, methods of overcoming chemical protection, research on natural toxins or the introduction of binary technology, has been described....
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073128
PubMed Central
by Hinrichsen, Inga; Ernst, Benjamin Philipp; Nuber, Franziska; Passmann, Sandra; Schafer, Dieter; Steinke, Verena; Friedrichs, Nicolaus; Plotz, Guido; Zeuzem, Stefan; Brieger, Angela
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This article is from Molecular Cancer , volume 13 . Abstract Introduction: Defects in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein MLH1 are frequently observed in sporadic and hereditary colorectal cancers (CRC). Affected tumors generate much less metastatic potential than the MLH1 proficient forms. Although MLH1 has been shown to be not only involved in postreplicative MMR but also in several MMR independent processes like cytoskeletal organization, the connection between MLH1 and metastasis remains...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3904401
PubMed Central
by Zuccolo, Andrea; Bowers, John E; Estill, James C; Xiong, Zhiyong; Luo, Meizhong; Sebastian, Aswathy; Goicoechea, Jose Luis; Collura, Kristi; Yu, Yeisoo; Jiao, Yuannian; Duarte, Jill; Tang, Haibao; Ayyampalayam, Saravanaraj; Rounsley, Steve; Kudrna, Dave; Paterson, Andrew H; Pires, J Chris; Chanderbali, Andre; Soltis, Douglas E; Chamala, Srikar; Barbazuk, Brad; Soltis, Pamela S; Albert, Victor A; Ma, Hong; Mandoli, Dina; Banks, Jody; Carlson, John E; Tomkins, Jeffrey; dePamphilis, Claude W; Wing, Rod A; Leebens-Mack, Jim
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This article is from Genome Biology , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Recent phylogenetic analyses have identified Amborella trichopoda, an understory tree species endemic to the forests of New Caledonia, as sister to a clade including all other known flowering plant species. The Amborella genome is a unique reference for understanding the evolution of angiosperm genomes because it can serve as an outgroup to root comparative analyses. A physical map, BAC end sequences and sample shotgun...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3219971
PubMed Central
by Ghanem, Samia; Khoyaali, Siham; Naciri, Sara; Glaoui, Meriem; Mesmoudi, Mohamed; Errihani, Hassan
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This article is from The Pan African Medical Journal , volume 14 . Abstract Le carcinosarcome du sein souvent appelé carcinome métaplasique du sein, est une tumeur maligne rare composée de deux lignées cellulaires distinctes, il est décrit comme un cancer du sein de type canalaire avec un composant de type sarcome. Il représente 0,08-0.2% de toutes les tumeurs malignes du sein. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective étalée sur un an, huit cas des carcinosarcomes mammaires ont été...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3670193
PubMed Central
by Balasubramanian, P.; Jayalakshmi, K.; Vidhya, N.; Prasad, R.; Sheriff, A. Khaleefathullah; Kathiravan, G.; Rajagopal, K.; Sureban, Sripathi M.
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This article is from Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy , volume 1 . Abstract Partially purified methanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (belonging to Vitaceae member, South Indian medicinal plant) have been explored for antiviral activity and their phytochemical characterisation. In vitro antiviral activity against HSV type1 and 2, and Vero cells at non-cytotoxic concentration were determined. HSV1 and HSV2 showed more sensitivity against the partially purified compound. Phytochemical...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4158892
PubMed Central
by Sands, Timothy R
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This article is from BMC Systems Biology , volume 8 . Abstract Contributing reviewers: The editors of BMC Systems Biology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 7 (2013).
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914848
PubMed Central
by Oberfeld, Daniel; Thones, Sven; Palayoor, Benyne J.; Hecht, Heiko
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract Depressed patients frequently report a subjective slowing of the passage of time. However, experimental demonstrations of altered time perception in depressed patients are not conclusive. We added a timed action task (time-to-contact estimation, TTC) and compared this indirect time perception task to the more direct classical methods of verbal time estimation, time production, and time reproduction. In the TTC estimation task,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4109439
PubMed Central
by Steinecke, Andre; Gampe, Christin; Nitzsche, Falk; Bolz, Jurgen
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This article is from Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience , volume 8 . Abstract Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a risk gene for a spectrum of major mental disorders. It has been shown to regulate radial migration as well as dendritic arborization during neurodevelopment and corticogenesis. In a previous study we demonstrated through in vitro experiments that DISC1 also controls the tangential migration of cortical interneurons originating from the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE). Here we...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4086047
PubMed Central
by Neunzehn, Jorg; Weber, Marie-Theres; Wittenburg, Gretel; Lauer, Gunter; Hannig, Christian; Wiesmann, Hans-Peter
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This article is from Head & Face Medicine , volume 10 . Abstract Introduction: Maintaining or regenerating a vital pulp is a preferable goal in current endodontic research. In this study, human dental pulp cell aggregates (spheres) were applied onto bovine and human root canal models to evaluate their potential use as pre-differentiated tissue units for dental pulp tissue regeneration. Methods: Human dental pulp cells (DPC) were derived from wisdom teeth, cultivated into three-dimensional...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4074584
PubMed Central
by Wiecki, Thomas V.; Sofer, Imri; Frank, Michael J.
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This article is from Frontiers in Neuroinformatics , volume 7 . Abstract The diffusion model is a commonly used tool to infer latent psychological processes underlying decision-making, and to link them to neural mechanisms based on response times. Although efficient open source software has been made available to quantitatively fit the model to data, current estimation methods require an abundance of response time measurements to recover meaningful parameters, and only provide point estimates...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3731670
PubMed Central
by Li, Quan; Liu, Xiaoming; Gibbs, Richard A.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Polychronakos, Constantin; Qu, Hui-Qi
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract The rapid progress of genomic technologies has been providing new opportunities to address the need of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) molecular diagnosis. However, whether a new mutation causes MODY can be questionable. A number of in silico methods have been developed to predict functional effects of rare human mutations. The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of different bioinformatics methods in the functional...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4138110
PubMed Central
by Khan, Junaid Ahmad; Mustafa, Meraj; Hayat, Tasawar; Alsaedi, Ahmed
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract This article studies the viscous flow and heat transfer over a plane horizontal surface stretched non-linearly in two lateral directions. Appropriate wall conditions characterizing the non-linear variation in the velocity and temperature of the sheet are employed for the first time. A new set of similarity variables is introduced to reduce the boundary layer equations into self-similar forms. The velocity and temperature distributions are...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157864
PubMed Central
by Lee, Gyung Min; Ko, Jung Min; Shin, Choong Ho; Yang, Sei Won
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This article is from Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism , volume 19 . Abstract The 46,XX testicular disorder of sex development (DSD), also known as 46,XX male syndrome, is a rare form of DSD and clinical phenotype shows complete sex reversal from female to male. The sex-determining region Y (SRY) gene can be identified in most 46,XX testicular DSD patients; however, approximately 20% of patients with 46,XX testicular DSD are SRY-negative. The SRY-box 9 (SOX9) gene has several...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4114044